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About Tengyur

About Tengyur

 

      The term "Tengyur" means "translations of treatises" or "translations of explanations" and contains texts that are attributed to scholars and realized teachers of Buddhism.

Tengyur Structure

      All editions of the Tengyur are divided into categories that relate to doctrinal statements or literature of a certain kind. These diagrams are important for understanding how the distinction between different texts is traditionally understood. Below is a table showing the titles of the Tengyur editions and the number of texts in each of the sections (according to the various articles related to this collection). Keep in mind that all the data in this table will still be rechecked when working with text collections themselves (visual verification and subtraction).

 

Beijing

Chone

Dege

Urga

Narthang

Lhasa

Combined

Hymns of Praise (bstod tshogs)

63

64

71

In progress

64

In progress

73

Prajna-paramita (sher phyin)

40

38

38

In progress

40

In progress

41

Madhyamaka (dbu ma)

257

158

158

In progress

257

In progress

264

Sutra (mdo sde)

40

40

40

In progress

40

In progress

40

Chittamatra (sems tsam)

66

66

66

In progress

66

In progress

66

Abhidharma (mngon pa)

18

18

18

In progress

18

In progress

18

Vinaya ('dul ba)

45

46

46

In progress

45

In progress

47

Jataki (skyes rab)

8

8

8

In progress

8

In progress

8

Letters (spring yig)

42

45

45

In progress

42

In progress

45

Correct Cognition (tshad ma)

69

66

66

In progress

69

In progress

69

Sutras on Grammar (sgra mdo)

28

36

36

In progress

28

In progress

37

The Science of Healing (gso ba rig pa)

7

7

7

In progress

7

In progress

7

Crafts (bzo rig pa)

17

15

15

In progress

17

In progress

21

Treatises of Traditions (lugs kyi bstan bcos)

12

18

18

In progress

21

In progress

24

Various Treatises (sna tshogs)

132

77

122

In progress

131

In progress

142

Tantra (rgyud)

3136

2623

2623

In progress

3129

In progress

3191

     Currently, there are five versions of Tengyur, which can be divided into two groups: (1) Beijing, Golden, Narthang. And (2) Dege and Chone. There is also a version compiled on the basis of comparisons of different versions of Tengyur and including texts that could be distinguished as separate or individual texts.

 

Brief descriptions of the Tengyur versions

 

Beijing Edition

      The Beijing edition was prepared in 1724 under the supervision of Emperor Kangxi and contains 225 volumes.

 

Golden

      The Golden Manuscripts or Tengyur Gaden (dga' ldan) was compiled in Central Tibet in 1731-1741.

 

Narthang

      This edition of the Tengyur was compiled starting from 1741-1742. contains 223 volumes and one additional one added after 1763.

 

Dege

      Tengyur Dege was formed in the period 1737-1744 and contains 213 volumes. One of its editions is the unfinished version of Tengyur Urga, which is based on the edition of Dege. Tengyur Dege also served as the basis for the publication of Vara, which began to form in 1937 and was not completed.

 

Chone

      The Chone edition dates from 1753-1773 and contains 209 volumes.

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